It was the one-word headline that the people of Syracuse had wanted to see spread out across the front-page of the Post-Standard for almost four years during World War II.
And now, finally, on the morning of Aug. 15, 1945, it was finally there.
Beneath that all-important word, the newspaper carried the important details from Japan:
“Japan yesterday unconditionally surrendered the hemispheric empire taken by force and held, at most, intact for more than two years against the rising power of the United States and its Allies in the Pacific War. The bloody dream of the Japanese military caste vanished in the text of a note to the Four Powers accepting the terms of the Potsdam ultimatum of July 26, 1945.”
It is probably safe to assume that many of that morning’s Post-Standard were read by people just returning home from celebrating the news of the American victory the night before or through bleary eyes from one of the biggest parties the city had ever seen.
The newspaper reported that Syracusans grabbed a hold of every noisemaker they could find, whether it was pots and pans, car horns, whistles, or the horns being sold on every corner for 25 cents, to celebrate “the best news of the past 3 and a half years.”
It was said people gathered downtown, “as if they had a previous engagement.” Police officers directed traffic so that the whole width of S. Salina Street was open for an impromptu pedestrian parade.
Cars were loaded to capacity, young boys and girls sat on fenders or stood on running boards. One two-seat coupe carried 15 youngsters.
Celebrations were noisy and spontaneous, but they were peaceful and happy, with no major destruction reported by police. The Post-Standard said that the celebrations were “in tune with the hopeful new era.”
Lacking ticker tape, the streets of the city were covered in torn leaflets and office stationary thrown from the Chimes Building and other office buildings.
Soldiers and sailors and marines, “with lipstick-smeared faces,” linked arms with strangers, sat on shoulders, and joined civilians in “snakelines” through the streets.
And it was not just young people. Husbands and wives with children joined the party. A “gray-haired woman” was blowing a noisemaker with all of her strength.
Another woman, about 60, on East Genesee St., was clapping two kettle-tops together.
A car parked near the Onondaga Hotel was spotted with four women and one man inside, with tears streaming down their faces.
When the news of the surrender made it to the Persian terrace room of the Hotel Syracuse, waitresses told diners and several employees, with loved ones in the service, began to weep quietly.
Milt Hert and his trio were on stage but decided to not play their usual “bouncy tunes,” but instead their first full number was “The Star Spangled Banner,” which brought the diners to their feet.
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This feature is a part of CNY Nostalgia, a section on syracuse.com. Send your ideas and curiosities to Johnathan Croyle at [email protected] or call 315-427-3958.
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