Two flat-Earthers were forced to quarantine after trying to reach “the end of the world” during Italy’s lockdown.
The pair, a middle-aged man and woman from Venice, set out to prove their theory that the world is flat by attempting to set sail to Lampedusa, an island between Sicily and North Africa.
The flat-Earthers left Venice during the Italian lockdown and went to Termini Imerese, a town on Sicily’s north coast, where they sold their car and bought a boat. From there, they headed for Lampedusa, which is off the south coast of Sicily, and therefore would require the couple to sail around the island.
However, the boat didn’t make it to Lampedusa, and instead, the flat-Earthers ended up on the island of Ustica, off Sicily’s northwest coast, exhausted and tired.
Salvatore Zichichi, a doctor of the maritime health office of the Ministry of Health who helped the pair after they got lost, pointed out that they were using a compass to help them navigate and said: “The funny thing is that they orient themselves with the compass, an instrument that works on the basis of terrestrial magnetism, a principle that they, as flat-earthers, should reject.”
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History of Early Photo Manipulation Featured in New York Museum Exhibition
An exhibition detailing the sometimes amusing, sometimes sinister history of doctored photographs opened at the Metropolitan Museum of Art on Wednesday in New York.
The new exhibition called “Faking It: Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop” is an examination of the means and extent photographers and photo editors would go to alter images before the advent of digital technology.
Curator Mia Fineman says the reasons people manipulate photos haven’t changed much in the 180 years the medium has been around, it’s just much simpler to do it today.
Fineman says that after the invention of photography in 1839, the medium enjoyed a couple of decades relatively free from manipulation. But that began to change in the 1860’s with the advent of ‘spirit’ images and other entertaining examples of trick photography.
The 20th Century saw this humorous slight of hand take a sinister turn. When the NKVD chief ran afoul of his boss, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, the dictator had the chief ‘purged’, both literally and figuratively, removing his image from 1937 photo showing the two and other party officials together on the banks of a river.
Stalin also had a photo of him seated alongside the Bolshevik leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin in 1922 altered to make him appear more ‘photogenic’ and powerful.
Lenin would die a few years later after a series of strokes, and Stalin would soon rise to power.
The exhibit also shows that the Nazi regime also manipulated photographs. In one photo showing a Nazi Leader Adolph Hitler at the Berlin villa of filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. Before and after pictures show the removal of Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, although the reason for the removal is not clear.
The doctoring or manipulation of images in the field of news is now considered strictly taboo, but it wasn’t always so, says Fineman.
The exhibition features a selection of photos that ran in news periodicals, including an image of the Empire State Building with a dirigible docked to the top, an event that never happened, as well as a reenactment of the execution of Bruno Richard Hauptmann in 1936. After a highly publicized trial, Hauptmann was sentenced to death for the kidnapping and killing of the 20-month-old son of aviator Charles Lindberg. The photo was a staging of the event and it ‘pasted in’ the face of Hauptmann lifted from another photograph.
The exhibition also includes numerous examples of the doctoring of images for artistic reasons by artists such as Yves Klein, Wanda Wulz and many others.
‘Faking It; Manipulated Photography Before Photoshop’ runs through January 27th, 2013.
Mueller Testimony Highlights: Refuting Trump ‘Witch Hunt’ Claim, Dodging Questions And Russia Hacking
Former Special Counsel Robert Mueller testified in two hearings before Congress on Wednesday, July 24, 2019 about his report that investigated Russian interference. During his testimony, Mueller refuted that his investigation was a “witch hunt,” which President Trump has called it several times, and that Russia is expected to be involved with the 2020 presidential election just like they were in 2016.
The explorers were taken to quarantine. They tried to escape and return to the sea but were again stopped and taken back to quarantine. A few days later, they tried to escape again but were unsuccessful.
While this pair of flat-Earthers believe the end of the world is in Lampedusa, the Flat Earth Society believes that: “The Earth is surrounded on all sides by an ice wall that holds the oceans back. This ice wall is what explorers have named Antarctica.
“Beyond the ice wall is a topic of great interest to the Flat Earth Society. To our knowledge, no one has been very far past the ice wall and returned to tell of their journey. What we do know is that it encircles the earth and serves to hold in our oceans and helps protect us from whatever lies beyond.”
Other beliefs held by the Flat Earth Society include the theory that the Earth is not a planet by definition, and that planets and the Sun move around the Earth and that the Sun moves in circles around the North Pole.
However, there is also disagreement within the Flat Earth community, with members coming up with dozens of theories to explain why the Earth is not a globe.
For example, one theory claims that the Earth is like a Pac-Man game. Just as Pac-Man reaches one end of the screen and appears on the other side, some flat-Earthers believe that this kind of teleportation is a logical possibility and explains why people don’t fall off the edge of the world when they reach the end.
While the flat Earth theory may seem like a harmless—though bizarre—theory, it has been criticized for normalizing and promoting distrust in science and institutions.
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