- Afrikaans: fiets (af)
- Albanian: biçikletë (sq) f
- Amharic: ብስክሌት (bəsklet)
- Arabic: دَرَّاجَة (ar) f (darrāja)
- Egyptian Arabic: عجلة f (ʿagala), بسكلتة f (beskleta)
- Hijazi Arabic: بسكليتة f (buskulēta)
- Moroccan Arabic: بشكليطة (bišklīṭa), بشكليطة (bšaklīṭa)
- Armenian: հեծանիվ (hy) (hecaniv)
- Asturian: bicicleta f
- Azerbaijani: velosiped (az), dırığın (dialectal)
- Basque: txirrindu (eu), bizikleta (eu)
- Belarusian: ро́вар m (róvar), веласіпе́д m (vjelasipjéd)
- Bengali: বাইসাইকেল (baisaikel), সাইকেল (saikel)
- Bouyei: danycey
- Breton: bisiklet (br) m, marc’h-houarn (br) m
- Bulgarian: колело́ (bg) n (koleló), велосипе́д (bg) m (velosipéd)
- Burmese: စက်ဘီး (my) (cakbhi:), ဘိုင်စကယ် (my) (bhuingca.kai)
- Catalan: bicicleta (ca) f
- Central Dusun: bosikol
- Central Melanau: basikal
- Cheyenne: amo’a’óvâhtsestôtse
A modern bicycle by definition is a rider-powered vehicle with two wheels in tandem, powered by the rider turning pedals connected to the rear wheel by a chain, and having handlebars for steering and a saddle-like seat for the rider. With that definition in mind, let’s look at the history of early bicycles and the developments that led up to the modern bicycle.
Bicycle History in Debate
Up until a few years ago, most historians felt that Pierre and Ernest Michaux, the French father and son team of carriage-makers, invented the first bicycle during the 1860s. Historians now disagree since there is evidence that the bicycle and bicycle like vehicles are older than that. Historians do agree that Ernest Michaux did invent a bicycle with pedal and rotary cranks in 1861. However, they disagree if Michaux made the very first bike with pedals.
Another fallacy in bicycle history is that
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The ancestor of the modern bicycle was called the “Dandy Horse” when it was first introduced to the world in 1817. In the past 200 years, bicycles have developed from wooden-framed push carts to mechanically-driven, carbon fiber machines.
Modern bikes come in many different shapes and sizes and each type has a unique use. There are leisure bikes, sport bikes, commuter bikes, tandem bikes, bikes with three wheels (trikes), recumbent bikes, and many other combinations of chains, wheels, gears, brakes, and pedals.
Identifying the type of bicycle you have can be a difficult task. If it has two wheels, an upright seat, a pair of handlebars and pedals, it is probably either a mountain bike, a road bike, a sport bike, or a special combination of the three. Mountain bikes generally have larger, heavier frames with wide, knobby tires. Road bikes have smooth skinny tires and very light and stiff