Annual & Special Pass Descriptions

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In an effort to protect public health and safety

as the state responds to the spread of novel coronavirus also known as COVID-19,

the California State Parks Pass Sales Office in Sacramento, California

is temporarily closed to the public as of Tuesday, March 17, 2020.


Annual Passes may be still be purchased by visiting the California State Parks Store 

or use the Contact Us option for additional assistance.  


We continue to accept Discount Pass applications by mail.  

You can mail your Discount Pass applications attention to:

Park Pass Sales Office, PO Box 942896, Sacramento, CA 94296 


If you have any questions, please contact us by email at

 Thank you for your understanding and patience during this time.


UPDATE (March 31, 2020): In an effort to prevent visitation surges and help stop the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19), State Parks has taken the following temporary safety measures to date: closed

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Transportation | Downsizing the Federal Government

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The Department of Transportation subsidizes and regulates highways, airports, air traffic control, urban transit, passenger rail, and other activities. However, taxpayers and consumers would be better off if transportation activities were privatized, which has been a global trend. Opening up the financing and operation of infrastructure to the private sector would save money, spur innovation, and reduce congestion.

The department will spend $83 billion in 2019, or about $650 for every U.S. household. The department employs 56,000 workers.

  • Highways. Highway aid gets misallocated and federal intervention raises costs. Federal aid and fuel taxes should be ended, and the states should pursue toll highway projects with the private sector.
  • Urban Transit. The federal government spends billions of dollars a year on urban rail systems even though buses are often more efficient. Without federal subsidies, cities would make better choices for their local transit needs.
  • Air Traffic Control. The bureaucratic Federal Aviation
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Car Accidents | Randall’s ESL Cyber Listening Lab

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Level: Topic: Speakers: Length:
medium car accidents man – woman – teenage daughter 02:18

Pre-Listening Exercise

What are some of the major factors that lead to car accidents and what can be done to deal with these causes? What possible injuries can occur in such accidents? Who would you contact if you had to file accident claims or other request for medical assistance?


crash course” = a course in which you learn the material in a very short time period
She took a driving crash course before she went on vacation.”

black ice” = a coating of ice on the road that is nearly invisible to drivers
Be careful as you drive home tonight because there are sure to be patches of black ice on the highways.”

Listening Exercise

A. Listen to the recording and answer the questions.

Where did the

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Vehicle Interface – OpenXC

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The Vehicle Interface (VI) is piece of hardware that connects
to the car’s CAN bus, translates proprietary CAN messages to the standard
OpenXC message format and sends the output over USB, Bluetooth,
or 3G/Ethernet/WiFi to a host device.

The OBD-II port has one standard pin pair for a single CAN bus, but many
automakers expose other buses on additional, non-standard pin pairs. For this
documentation, we’ll use this nomenclature:

OBD-II Pin Pair OpenXC Bus Name Other common name
6 (+) and 14 (-) CAN1 CAN high / CAN low from ISO 15765-4 and SAE-J2284
3 (+) and 11 (-) CAN2-1 Ford secondary, Chrysler CCD
1 (+) and 8/9 (-)* CAN2-2 Ford: infotainment, GM: J2411
* If available, Pin 8 on Ford B, C platforms and Pin 9 on Ford D platforms. This is typically not available.

Most vehicle data is available from CAN1, and all vehicle interfaces connect
to that

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